What does domain transfer mean?
Domain transfer is the process of migrating a particular domain from one registrar to another. During domain transfer itself, there is no change in its default settings, unless specified upon transfer initiation (i.e., the domain can be transferred to another registrar, but the website keeps loading from the same hosting account).
After a successful domain transfer (except for the cases described below (in p. 5 (I)), the domain is renewed for 12 months, preserving the period remaining before the transfer. The transfer itself is free, and the fee due is for domain renewal.
For many users, the term "domain transfer" also means a changing of the website's hosting, but actually, this is not the case.
For each domain, there are the so-called "name servers" (DNS) that indicate where the website is hosted. If a particular website has to be transferred from one hosting account to another, or to a different provider, this does not mean that the domain necessarily needs to be transferred. It is enough for the domain to undergo a change of the name servers, and the website will start loading from the new location where the new name servers are pointing.
There is absolutely no effect on the website's proper functioning whether a particular domain is transferred to the provider that is about to host the website, or whether it has been registered on another location. The only thing that matters for the website's loading is what name servers have been entered for the domain.
Domain Transfer Conditions
1. Authorization code (EPP key)
One of the basic conditions for a domain transfer from one registrar to another is providing an authorization code (EPP key).
2. Ban on transfer
Another fundamental requirement is that the ban on domain transfer should be deactivated (i.e., the domain must be unlocked as ACTIVE).
With many of the registrars, the user cannot see the authorization code/EPP key in the control panel for domain management because of security reasons. Additionally, a user cannot disable the ban on transfer. In this case, the user wishing to transfer a domain must to contact the domain's registrar (most often via email) and require that the domain be unlocked for a transfer, along with the necessary authorization code. You will not be able to submit a domain transfer request without first meeting those requirements.
3. Verification email, after successful transfer
Once the transfer has been completed, at the email address specified at the start of the transfer, you will receive a verification email. Within 15 days, you need to complete the verification by clicking on the link in the email.
4. Domain transfer period
Domain transfer usually takes about seven business days after it is started.
5. Other conditions
I. If the period between the last domain renewal and the domain transfer is longer than 45 days, you will get 12 more months added to the domain registration period. In cases when a particular domain is expired, it has been renewed, and then there was a domain transfer submission but 45 days had not passed after the renewal, you will not get an additional 12 months added to the domain period. The transfer fee is non-refundable.
II. If the domain was registered less than 60 days from the date of transfer, then the transfer cannot happen.
III. If the domain is in a Redemption period, it must first be renewed with its current registrar, and 60 days after renewal, a transfer can be started.
6. Control panel for domain management
After the domain is transferred, its owner receives an email with the new date until when the registration of the domain will be active. This email also contains credentials to access the control panel for domain management. Through the control panel, the user can change different settings of the domain, such as name servers, contact information, host records, etc.